Dr. Sonny Saggar: Risks of sports related injuries

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ST. LOUIS, MO (KPLR) - In this week's "The Doctor is In" segment, Doctor Sonny Saggar from Saint Louis Urgent Care stops by to talk about The risks of sports related injuries.

Dr. Saggar shares what parents need to look for when it comes to concussions

A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that is caused by any body-blow that essentially rattles the brain inside the skull. There are often no visible signs of a brain injury, aside from a cut or bruise to the face.

You don't have to pass out to have a concussion. Some people will have memory-loss, but many won't. With rest, most people fully recover from a concussion. Many recover within a few hours. Others take a few weeks to recover.

In rare cases, concussions cause more serious problems. Repeated concussions or a severe concussion may result in long-lasting problems with movement, learning, or speaking. Because of the small chance of permanent brain problems, it is important to get medical attention if you or someone you know has symptoms of a concussion.

Your brain is a soft organ that is surrounded by spinal fluid and protected by your hard skull. Normally, the fluid around your brain acts like a cushion that keeps your brain from banging into your skull, but if your head or your body is hit hard, your brain can bump into the inside of your skull, resulting in injury.
Some common ways to get a concussion include fights, falls, playground injuries, car crashes, and bike accidents. Participating in a sport which has a risk for knocks to the body or head, such as football, boxing, hockey, soccer, skiing, or snowboarding, can also result in a concussion.

It is not always easy to know if someone has a concussion.
Symptoms of concussion can last for hours, days, weeks, or even months, and they fit into four main categories:
Thinking and memory

Not thinking clearly
Feeling slowed down

Not being able to concentrate
 Not being able to remember new information
Fuzzy or blurry vision
Nausea and vomiting
Sensitivity to light or noise
Balance problems
Feeling tired or having no energy
Emotional and mood
Easily upset or angered
Nervous or anxious
More emotional

Dr. Sonny Saggar is a practicing Emergency Physician and Internist, and the founder of STLHealthWorks.com.

For more information visit: healthliteracymissouri.org