(CNN) — Last week, the Anti-Defamation League issued a warning: The Passover holiday was coming up Monday. So was Adolf Hitler’s birthday next Sunday — two events that could coincide with the increased possibility of violent attacks against Jewish community centers.
On Sunday, that dire prediction came true.
A 73-year-old Missouri man, with a long resume of anti-Semitism, is accused of opening fire outside two Jewish centers in the Kansas City-area.
Police say Frazier Glenn Miller killed a 14-year-old boy and his grandfather in the parking lot of the Jewish Community Center of Greater Kansas City in Overland Park, and an unidentified woman in the parking lot of the nearby Village Shalom Retirement Community in Leawood.
While they haven’t disclosed his motive, Miller — who also goes by Frazier Glenn Cross — is a long-time fixture in the white supremacy movement.
The violent attacks come at a time when anti-Semitic incidents in the United States are at their lowest level in decades.
In an audit released this month, the Anti-Defamation League reported 751 incidents in 2013, down 19% from the previous year.
But while the number of total incidents saw a drop, there was a significant increase in violent anti-Semitic assaults in 2013.
The ADL audit recorded a total of 31 anti-Semitic assaults on Jewish individuals or those perceived as Jewish in 2013, up from 17 in 2012.
“The high number of violent in-your-face assaults,” said ADL National Director Abraham Foxman, “is a sobering reminder that, despite the overall decline in anti-Semitic incidents, there is still a subset of Americans who are deeply infected with anti-Semitism and who feel emboldened enough to act out their bigotry.”
And Miller was “among the most-over-the-top, violent white supremacists” of the 1980s, said Brian Levin, director of the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism at California State University in San Bernardino.
“He was one of the pioneers in the modern hate world,” he said. “He’s been entrenched in the hate movement his entire adult life.”
Views shaped early
A Green Beret who served 20 years in the Army, including two tours in Vietnam, Miller’s racist views were shaped early in life, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center (the SPLC), which monitors hate groups.
His father gave him a copy of a newspaper published by the National States’ Rights Party — and, within two minutes, he said he knew he’d found a home in the movement.
In the early 1980s, he founded and ran Carolina Knights of the Ku Klux Klan. But instead of the traditional white robe of the Klan, he preferred fatigues and recruited active-duty soldiers as members.
The SPLC sued him for operating an illegal paramilitary organization and for intimidating African-Americans.
The two sides settled, with the Knights barred from operating.
But a month later, Miller resurfaced with an offshoot: the White Patriot Party.
A kill list?
In 1986, a Marine admitted selling the group anti-tank rockets, mines and explosives, according to the SPLC.
Because he founded another paramilitary group when a court forbade him to do so, Miller was found in criminal contempt and sentenced to six months in prison.
He appealed, and then bolted. While underground, he sent supporters a kill list, to which he had assigned a point system, according to the SPLC: Blacks (1 point); “White race traitors” (10); Jews (10); judges (50); SPLC founder Morris Dees (888).
The FBI caught up with him in Missouri, where they tear-gassed him out of a mobile home. Inside, they found a cache of weapons.
Cooperating with the Feds
He served three years in federal prison on weapons charges and for plotting robberies and the assassination of Dees. The short sentence was a result of a plea bargain he struck with federal prosecutors. In exchange, he testified against 14 white supremacists in a sedition trial in Arkansas in 1988.
“He was reviled in white supremacist circles as a ‘race traitor and, for a while, kept a low profile,” according to an SPLC profile of him. “Now he’s making a comeback with The Aryan Alternative, a racist tabloid he’s been printing since 2005.”
The SPLC calls Miller “a raging anti-Semite,” who has posted more than 12,000 times on the Vanguard News Network (VNN), an anti-Semitic, white supremacist website. Their slogan: “No Jews. Just Right.”
He has called Jews “swarthy, hairy, bow-legged, beady-eyed, parasitic midgets.”
He ran for office multiple times, including a run for the U.S. House and U.S. Senate seats. His 2010 campaign for the U.S. Senate was “It’s the Jews, Stupid.” According to the SPLC, he received seven votes.
‘Not a fringe character’
On Saturday, Miller left for a casino in Missouri. His wife told the SPLC that he called Sunday morning about 10:30 a.m. to her his winnings were up and all was well. She didn’t hear from him after that.
The shootings at the Jewish centers took place around 1 p.m.
As the gunman sat in the back of a patrol car after his arrest, he shouted, “Heil Hitler.”
Overland Park Police said detectives were investigating statements the suspect made after his arrest, but declined to provide additional details.
“This is not your average hate offender,” Levin, the California State University professor. “He’s a bad ass. He’s not a fringe character.”
By Ed Payne, CNN
CNN’s Alan Duke contributed to this report.
™ & © 2014 Cable News Network, Inc., a Time Warner Company. All rights reserved.